How much alcohol can you drink without serious harm to your health?

blood alcohol

Many people do not drink alcohol during the work week, but allow themselves to relax on weekends by drinking a few beers or stronger drinks a day. It should be borne in mind that this approach is dangerous and can provoke health problems. This is due to the fact that it is difficult for the body to process a large dose of alcohol that has been received within 2 days.

To avoid serious problems, you need to know what dose of alcohol per day is considered safe.

How much alcohol not to drink

I will say right away - there is no consensus on this issue. Some scientists say that even in small quantities, alcohol has a devastating effect on the body. Others believe that in small doses, alcohol is even beneficial. And there are WHO (World Health Organization) recommendations, according to which,a dangerous dose of alcoholis ​​60 ml of ethanol for menand50 ml for women. But since very few people consume ethanol in its pure form (well, I hope), this is how an absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol looks in terms of drinks familiar to most:

  • 180 g of vodka for men and 150 g of vodka for women
  • 1. 5 l. beer
  • 0. 5 l. wine

Absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol- the average value of the amount of alcohol consumed, sufficient to lead to death.

But do not think that if you drink less than these values, then nothing will happen to the body. Even if you consume the equivalent of 30 ml of ethanol a day (90 g of vodka, 800 ml of beer or a large glass of wine), you can seriously harm your health.

ideal alcohol rate

The formula for determining the individual rate of alcohol

Health professionals have developed a formula that can be used to calculate an individual's alcohol intake. Using this method, you can independently determine how much alcohol you can drink per day without harm to your health.

The basis is 1. 5 g of ethyl alcohol per 1 kg of human weight. If a person weighs 70 kg, the individual dose of ethanol is 105 ml. In any case, it is necessary to understand that such values ​​are averaged, since much depends on the age, gender and physiological characteristics of the organism.

What happens if you drink alcohol every day?

Scientists have been researching this issue for a long time. Recent evidence suggests thatalcohol reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. In part, it helps to avoid blockage of blood vessels by cholesterol plaques. Why is cholesterol dangerous? It causes circulatory problems. Blood ceases to circulate normally through the vessels, as they are filled with cholesterol, and the person may even die. Alcohol, on the other hand, "flushes" the vessels and does not allow cholesterol to stagnate.

Does this mean you can drink alcohol every day? No. In this case, we are talking about extremely low doses of alcohol. Based on the sameWHO recommendations, experts advise at least two days a week to completelyabstain from alcohol. Of course, the longer you don't drink, the better.

The optimal doseof alcohol, which is not very harmful to health, and can even bring certain benefits,is ​​considered 150 mldry red wine.

But this does not mean that you need todrink every daya small glass of wine, even though there are numerous stories circulating on the Web, how some grandfather drank a glass every day and lived to be 90 years old. Everything is individual here and it is necessary to take into account many factors - from chronic diseases to hereditary predispositions. Not to mention the fact thatalcohol is categorically contraindicatedfor minors and pregnant women.

Did you know that alcohol remains in your hair for the longest time?

If you drink alcohol every day, the body will not be able to remove it from the body, and a disease such as alcoholism will begin. It has 3 stages, and in this article we will cover them. But first, let's figure it out - how does alcohol generally affect a person?

A wonderful intoxicating drink has been known for many millennia, although it was called differently in each country: digest, ale, braga, etc. In ancient times, it was believed that an amber drink improves appetite, strengthens health, helps to grow and develop, therefore it was consideredthe norm to give it to children. Beer can delight you both on a hot day and on a cool evening. For example, in the middle of the 20th century in Italy, they were encouraged to enjoy themselves throughout the year, not just during the hot summer. At that time, beer was associated with the urban lifestyle, fashion trends and even progress. And now there are many connoisseurs of this foamy drink, confident that it can be enjoyed during breakfast, lunch and dinner.

The well-known joke "There are 24 hours in a day, 24 bottles in a beer box - a coincidence? "this confirms. But jokes, jokes, and from the foam you can get good problems for your health, if you do not know the measures. In this article we will figure out what are the benefits and harms of this drink, in what quantities it can be consumed and whether there are any contraindications.

How alcohol works

how alcohol works

The brain of an ordinary person and an alcoholic. In the second case, most of the connections in the brain are destroyed

What is alcohol in the scientific sense? This isethyl alcohol, which is made by fermenting sugar, yeast and starch. And all this "nuclear" mixture has an amazing property: it goes through all stages of digestion incredibly quickly. That is, while you are digesting lunch soup (about 30 minutes) or chicken meat (up to 2 hours), alcohol quickly reaches its goal - the human circulatory system, sometimes even bypassing the liver, if you drink on a serious scale. She simply is not able to pass such a large amount of alcohol through herself.

Alcohol begins to do its nasty business in the circulatory system: it damages red blood cells (the tiny bodies that make up blood), which is why they stick together, forming blood clots. Blood clots, in turn, block the flow of blood in small arteries, and this leads to blockage of blood vessels in the brain. Hence, the feeling of intoxication arises, which is similar to when the brain lacks oxygen.

Red blood cells of a person who has consumed large amounts of alcohol. They almost all stuck together

Therefore, if you do not drink alcohol in moderation, the brain will constantly be in this state. This will lead to the degradation of many mental and physical functions - a condition comparable to drinking a lot of alcohol at one time. A person cannot stand on his feet normally and does not give an account of his actions.

Scientists have already shown that alcohol damages DNA and increases the risk of cancer.

Beer in the modern world

Any store now offers a huge selection of liquor. To make the right choice, you need to understand what types of foam are, and how they differ from each other. Beer can be divided into 2 types: simple and strong.

Plain beer contains little alcohol, about 4 percent. It is further divided into 2 types: light and dark. The strength of a draft drink can reach 8 percent.

beer in the modern world

Strong drinks can contain up to 12 percent alcohol. It differs from the simple one in that it has an unusual rich taste, smell and a slightly bitter aftertaste.

This drink is considered whole. It is worth noting that approximately 90% of the assortment provided to customers refers specifically to the whole one. The average alcohol content in this form is approximately 7 percent.

Stages of alcoholism

Constantalcohol consumption leads to alcoholism, which has three stages.

  1. Withthe first stagealcohol dependence, a person gradually loses control of the amount of drink drunk, which leads to the appearance of a pathological craving for alcohol.
  2. At thesecond stagea person even develops "immunity" to alcohol, or rather, it seems to him so. Indeed, if a person at this stage consumes more than 1 liter of alcohol, the body will seemingly begin to perceive alcohol more easily. In fact, this hides the development of serious diseases - hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, esophageal cancer and stomach cancer.
  3. Alcoholismthird stageis ​​characterized by complete degradation of the personality in the physical and mental planes. A person can no longer drink alcohol and in most cases dies.

Scientists believe that alcoholism is influenced by a hereditary predisposition caused by insufficient production of enzymes that metabolize alcohol. But in fact, the amount of alcohol consumed affects this. You just don't need to drink if you realize that you are losing control over yourself and an unpleasant state of the body arises.

alcoholism disease

Alcoholism is a disease and must be treated

Benefits of the drink

Oddly enough, beer also has valuable health benefits, but most of them are not associated with drinking it inside. It is used externally:

  1. Beer foam is used to smooth out wrinkles for masks that improve the condition of the facial skin.
  2. Beer is an essential ingredient in hair masks, making them strong, voluminous and silky.
  3. If a person gets sick with acute respiratory infections and drank a little warm beer, then recovery and improvement of health will come faster.
  4. A reasonable dose of beer will help remove harmful heavy metals from the body, so drink the drink at an acceptable rate and your kidneys will be healthy.
  5. If you occasionally drink beer, then due to the silicon content in it, the skeletal system will become stronger.

Watch your health!

WARNING! The information published in the article is for informational purposes only and is not an instruction for use. Be sure to consult your doctor!

Why does a hangover occur?

This question is asked by many the next morning after a hectic party (usually with the words "well, I definitely won't drink anymore"). In fact, the explanation is quite simple: alcohol enters the bloodstream of the body terribly quickly, but leaves it VERY slowly. And the human body cannot fully recover after a stormy night until the substance is completely destroyed and digested. This is how thehangover occurs.

Last year in our country they tried to make a beer without a hangover with vitamins. I wonder if they did it?

Surely many asked,how to avoid a hangover, before starting to celebrate the next event with alcohol. But the answer can be summed up in one sentence: do not drink in large quantities, and then the alcohol will have time to leave the body before your head comes into contact with the pillow.

How to drink alcohol?

Researchers distinguish between the so-called "northern" drinking model and the "southern" one. The first includes Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Baltic countries, which drink a lot of alcohol, moreover, in shock doses, and not always often. The “southern” model is typical for Spain, Italy, Greece, where they can drink even more often, but less and less strong alcohol: for example, a glass of dry wine at dinner. Nobody drinks 100 g of vodka every day.

Scientists agree that the southern model is safer for health, although they still note that daily alcohol consumption is harmful to health. So don't be overused.

Historical data

Beer is one of the oldest drinks. According to history, it was first prepared about 8000 years ago. It is worth noting that at that time it was women who were engaged in the manufacture of the drink. It was produced mainly at home. Only after the beer began to gain popularity and began to be sold, men became interested in the production business.

Of course, nowadays, brewing is considered an exclusively masculine occupation, although, as is known from history, it all started in a completely different way. The bulk of the drink was produced in the Middle Ages, and was famed for its wonderful taste in England, Czech Republic and Germany. It is for this reason that these countries have not lost their title and continue to make a delicious intoxicating drink.

This case was popular in many countries. People who could brew beer were held in high esteem. Various ingredients were chosen for production, so the taste of the beer was also different.